The Best Way to Treat Acne


Using the best ingredients to address the many causes.

Toners are a beneficial addition to a skincare routine if someone experiences increased oils on the surface of the skin or acne. A toner can provide a second cleansing step to remove residual oil, product, dirt, bacteria, pollution, and debris that may remain after washing your skin with a cleanser and water.

Toners have a reputation for drying your skin out and potentially causing more irritation. However, with the right ingredients, toners can be beneficial especially if you have acne-prone skin. Active ingredients include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), which are both known to rid the pores of dirt and debris while smoothing the skin.  It is also important that toners are alcohol-free formulas and ones that incorporate moisturizing ingredients to help hydrate your skin and keep the pH balance in check.

To clear acne effectively, you should be thoughtful in your approach to avoid mistakes in selecting the right acne treatment. A complete system must address the essentials: it should exfoliate, clear the skin’s pores, and remove the buildup of acne bacteria while soothing the skin of irritations. This is why the best acne treatments use a multi-step regimen.  Using Qul Cleanser and Acne Toner addresses the many causes of acne without irritating the skin.  The carefully chosen ingredients work in tandem so that with continued use twice daily, the skin will appear to be smoother, clearer, brighter, and more even tone.

Overview of the QUL Beauty Balancing Acne Toner:

This is an alcohol-free resurfacing toner that brightens and balances skin post-cleansing without drying the skin out.  AHA and BHA, Witch Hazel, and effective essential oils combine in a rejuvenating formula that works to clear and refine pores, control sebum production, and soothe inflammation and uneven skin tone, revealing a more radiant and youthful-looking complexion.

Features & Benefits:

●      Provides a second cleansing step to remove residual oil, product, dirt, bacteria, pollution, and debris that may remain after washing your skin with a cleanser and water.

●      With exfoliating Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs), which are both known to rid the pores of dirt and debris while smoothing the skin.

●      Alcohol-Free and pH-balanced to reduce redness, irritations, and inflammation without stripping the skin barrier of moisture.

●      This unique formulation of ingredients helps to improve skin texture, and hydration, and increases vitality while eliminating impurities all in one step.

●      Brightens the complexion and decreases the appearance of surface lines and wrinkles.

Directions for use: Dampen cotton pad with toner and apply gently to the face morning and/or evening. Avoid the eye area.  For extra benefits, allow it to sit for five minutes prior to applying other products in order to avoid neutralizing the exfoliating ingredients.

Ingredients: Distilled Water (Aqua), Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Leaf Extract, Vegetable Glycerin, Aloe Barbadensis  (Aloe Vera) Leaf Juice, Triethanolamine (TEA), Glycolic Acid (AHA), Polysorbate 20, Salicylic Acid (BHA), Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil, Origanum Marjorana (Marjoram) Leaf Oil, Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil (Hemp Seed Oil), Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Extract, Chlorella Vulgaris, Phenoxyethanol, Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate, Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Flower Oil


Encyclopedia of Ingredients for Balancing Acne Toner:

Witch Hazel: 

This multi-purpose product has many uses, including killing bacteria that can live within skin’s pores to keep acne at bay. Witch hazel contains a high concentration of tannins, a group of antioxidant chemicals. Tannin’s act as an astringent, is anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial. Tannins help to shrink pores and regulate excess oil on the skin.  It can also help stop cellular damage that can lead to skin cancer, while preventing signs of aging and speeding up healing.

Benefits of Witch Hazel:

Anti-Inflammatory:  Witch hazel contains many compounds with potent anti-inflammatory properties, including gallic acid and tannins. It also contains antioxidants that help prevent widespread inflammation and neutralize free radicals, which are disease-causing compounds that can build up in your body.  Witch hazel may be useful in the treatment of inflammatory-related issues, such as acne, eczema, or psoriasis.  Studies show that topically-applied witch hazel can effectively reduce inflammation and help soothe your skin.

Reduces Skin Irritation:  Witch Hazel may help reduce skin redness and provide relief for irritated and sensitive skin.  Witch hazel has been shown to suppress erythema, a reddening of the skin caused by injury or irritation by up to 27% One study in 40 people found that using a lotion with as little as 10% witch hazel extract was effective in reducing skin inflammation and treating erythema.  Another small study found that a topical preparation containing Witch Hazel was able to provide relief for sensitive or irritated facial skin.

Fights Acne:  Witch Hazel acts as an astringent to help shrink your pores, soothe your skin and reduce inflammation. Witch hazel’s astringent properties have a drying effect, helping to remove excess oils from the skin.  Using Witch Hazel to remove oil from your skin can reduce breakouts before they have a chance to become worse.  The tannins in witch hazel have antimicrobial properties, meaning they can help reduce bacteria growth on the skin, and in turn, potential breakouts.

Protects Against Skin Damage:  Witch Hazel is rich in tannins, a natural plant compound with powerful antioxidant properties that can help protect your skin against damage when applied topically.  Animal and test-tube studies have found that witch hazel and its components could prevent skin cancer growth and protect against skin damage.

Fights Infections: Test-tube studies show that Witch Hazel may have antiviral properties and could be useful against certain types of viral infections such as cold sores.


References for Witch Hazel:

Highly galloylated tannin fractions from witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) bark: electron transfer capacity, in vitro antioxidant activity, and effects on skin-related cells:

Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Acne Effects of Hamamelis virginiana Bark in Human Keratinocytes:

Anti-inflammatory effect of hamamelis lotion in a UVB erythema test:

An assessment of the growth inhibition profiles of Hamamelis virginiana L. extracts against Streptococcus and Staphylococcus spp:

Highly galloylated tannin fractions from witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) bark: electron transfer capacity, in vitro antioxidant activity, and effects on skin-related cells:

Tannins protect against skin tumor promotion induced by ultraviolet-B radiation in hairless mice:

Antiviral and antiphlogistic activities of Hamamelis virginiana bark:



Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is a gel-like substance obtained from the aloe, which is a succulent plant that typically grows in hot, dry climates.  It has the same pH as the skin, it has antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that boost healing, moisturize the skin and prevent aging.  It contains beneficial vitamins and minerals including vitamins A, C, E, B12, folic acid, choline, and minerals calcium, chromium, copper, selenium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium and zinc.

Benefits of Aloe Vera:

Burns and Sunburns:  The polysaccharides present in aloe vera boost cell repair and regeneration activity in the burnt skin areas. It contains carboxypeptidase which acts as an instant pain reliever and soothes your sunburnt skin. The anti-inflammatory effects of aloe vera gel can help reduce pain caused by burns and other skin irritations. It also helps reduce swelling, redness, and blistering associated with minor burns.  Research has shown that the gel of an aloe vera plant can be used to help with the healing process of a sunburn.  A few older peer-reviewed studies have shown that aloe vera is beneficial in healing first- to second-degree burns, which include mild to moderate sunburns.

Wound Healing:  Aloe Vera treats skin injuries by increasing collagen synthesis and cross-linking. This helps reduce any resulting scar tissue and speeds up wound healing. Aloe also contains compounds called aloin and anthraquinones, which have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits that can help alleviate pain and promote healing.

Moisturizes the Skin:  The leaf of the aloe vera plant is rich in water, that helps to hydrate the skin and lock in moisture.  The sugars it contains, also known as mucopolysaccharides, help to retain moisture in the skin.  Mucopolysaccharides, found in the aloe plant, help retain moisture in the skin. When applied topically, aloe vera has been shown to increase the water content of the outermost layer of skin (stratum corneum), making it an ideal ingredient for dry skin types.

Anti-Aging:  Aloe Vera contains vitamins C and E, that help prevent the formation of free radicals, which are the molecules that cause cell damage. In addition to its ability to help replenish and retain moisture in the skin, aloe also stimulates the production of hyaluronic acid and collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, all of which are necessary to keep skin hydrated, firm, and supple, and all of which decline naturally with age. Applying aloe vera topically has been shown to help restore skin elasticity and decrease the appearance of fine lines.

Reduces Dark Circles, Pigmentation Spots & Acne Scars:  Aloe Vera is likely the most popular home remedy for under-eye dark circles, pigmentation spots and acne scars. The plant contains vitamins and minerals, all of which provide great relief from dullness and darkness under the eyes while reducing puffiness.  Aloe vera derivative works to lighten the dark patches, age spots, freckles, and acne marks naturally by inhibiting the excessive production of melanin in your skin.

Reduces Acne:  Aloe vera contains naturally occurring salicylic acid, urea nitrogen, cinnamic acid, phenols, and sulfur, all of which inhibit the growth of fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It also has anti-inflammatory capabilities, which suppresses P. acnes, the bacteria that causes acne. Salicylic acid is currently one of the best ways to prevent acne, since it sheds dead cells from the outer layer of the skin and decreases redness and inflammation.

Soothes Psoriasis and Eczema: Skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis signal general inflammation and a compromised skin barrier, both of which can be helped by Aloe Vera. Skin with a broken barrier is also more prone to fungal and bacterial infections, and Aloe Vera can be considered an antiseptic acting against fungi, bacteria, and viruses. According to the Mayo Clinic, using Aloe Vera on psoriasis may also help reduce the scaling, redness, and irritation caused by the disorder.

Treats Cold Sores:  Aloe Vera contains sulfurs and phenols that stimulate antiviral activity in the skin against the herpes virus, in turn, helping to treat cold sores. It also accelerates the healing process in the skin by boosting the natural immunity that fights the infection.  Studies revealed that Aloe Vera is a promising source for antiviral drug development against herpes virus.


References for Aloe Vera:

The Effacacy of Aloe Vera:

The Effacacity of Aloe Vera for burn wounds:

Aloe Lipopolysaccharides-Induced Inflammatory:

Moisturizing effects of freezed dried Aloe Vera:

Aloe Sterol stimulates collagen production:

Evaluation of aloe vera gel gloves in the treatment of dry skin associated with occupational exposure:

Are Natural Ingredients Effective in the Management of Hyperpigmentation? A Systematic Review:

Effects of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel on human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and on skin condition in Japanese women:

Effects of Aloe Vera Topically:

Aloe Vera Juice and Acne:

A prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing topical aloe vera with 0.1% triamcinolone acetonide in mild to moderate plaque psoriasis:

Assessment of Anti HSV-1 Activity of Aloe Vera Gel Extract: an In Vitro Study:

Antiviral activity of Aloe vera against herpes simplex virus type 2: An in vitro study:



Glycolic Acid (AHA)

Glycolic acid is a compound that naturally occurs in certain fruits, beets, and sugarcane. Glycolic acid has the smallest-sized molecules of all the AHAs. This allows glycolic acid to absorb into the skin and exfoliate it better than other exfoliants.  Glycolic acid works by speeding up cell turnover as it dissolves the bonds that hold skin cells together. In effect, your skin is able to shed dead skin cells more quickly than it would on its own and unclog pores effectively.  Glycolic acid triggers the skin to make more collagen as well. Collagen is the protein that makes skin firm, plump, and elastic.  The skin makes less collagen with age. Collagen is also destroyed when you spend too much time in the sun. Using glycolic acid each day can help prevent the breakdown of collagen.  Glycolic acid is also a humectant, which means it attracts and binds water to skin cells. It does this by increasing the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans, which are molecules that draw water in the skin.

Benefits of Glycolic Acid:

Acne: Glycolic acid also has anti-inflammatory properties due to its ability to inhibit p. acnes bacteria on the skin.  This makes glycolic acid ideal for acne prone skin, particularly cystic acne which is caused by deep blockages of dead skin cells and sebum. Research examined the effect of a peel containing 70% glycolic acid on 80 females with acne. The research found that it quickly improved all types of acne, particularly comedonal acne, which occurs when pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

Acne Scars: Glycolic acid is widely used as a superficial peeling agent owing to its exfoliative properties. Exposure of skin to Glycolic Acid leads to reduced corneocyte adhesion, correction of abnormal keratinization in the infundibulum, decreased keratinocyte plugging and ultimately decreased follicular occlusion.

UV Damage:  Exposure to UV light can cause skin damage. The visible signs of this include hyperpigmentation, sun spots and wrinkles.  Experts refer to this as photoaging.  A 2020 study notes that glycolic acid is an effective treatment for sun damage in the skin. A 2018 study also reports that glycolic acid has a protective effect against UVB rays, meaning it may help prevent photoaging.

Anti-Aging:  Over time, the skin loses its plumpness and elasticity. As a result, fine lines and wrinkles can form. This is a natural process and not necessarily something a person needs to treat. However, for those who choose to, glycolic acid may help.  According to a 2020 study, Glycolic Acid:

  • increases skin levels of hyaluronic acid, a substance that helps keep the skin moisturized
  • stimulates the production of collagen, the main structural protein in the skin
  • increases fibroblast and keratinocyte proliferation rates, which help with skin repair and regeneration
  • improves quality of elastin, which promotes skin elasticity
  • Improves overall skin tone and brightens the skin


References for Glycolic Acid:

pH-Dependent Antibacterial Activity of Glycolic Acid: Implications for Anti-Acne Formulations – PMC (

Glycolic acid peeling in the treatment of acne – PubMed (

Dual Effects of Alpha-Hydroxy Acids on the Skin – PMC (

Chemical Peels for Acne and Acne Scars in Asians: Evidence Based Review – PMC (

Glycolic acid chemical peeling improves inflammatory acne eruptions through its inhibitory and bactericidal effects on Propionibacterium acnes – PubMed (

Glycolic acid adjusted to pH 4 stimulates collagen production and epidermal renewal without affecting levels of proinflammatory TNF‐alpha in human skin explants – Narda – 2021 – Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology – Wiley Online Library

The importance of both fibroblasts and keratinocytes in a bilayered living cellular construct used in wound healing – PMC (



Salicylic Acid (BHA):

Is an oil-soluble beta hydroxy acid (or BHA) from the white willow tree a plant that has several skin-soothing effects. It is actually in the same class of drugs as aspirin (another salicylate), although it’s used differently.

Benefits of Salicylic Acid:

Anti-Acne Treatment:   Salicylic Acid gently exfoliates the skin and goes deep into the pores to clear out dirt, oil, and other impurities reducing pimples and blackheads, leading to clearer and brighter skin.  Salicylic Acid also plays an important role in the acne-healing process (both in the short and long term), acting as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ingredient that helps red, inflamed pimples and pustules to be removed faster.

Oil Control:  Salicylic Acid helps regulate sebum production, which is beneficial for those with oily or combination skin types.  By controlling excess oil, it can minimize shine and reduce the likelihood of clogged pores.

Improves skin texture:  Salicylic Acid is one of the best at removing dead skin cells and smoothing skin. As a type of keratolytic medication, it can improve skin’s texture by exfoliating both the inner and outer layers of the skin, reducing the appearance of melasma, photodamage, freckles, and lentigines.

Anti-Aging:  With skin cell turnover and promoting new collagen production, Salicylic Acid can help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles over time.

Helps with Psoriasis: Salicylic acid is a topical, over-the-counter treatment approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat psoriasis.  Salicylic Acid helps the body to remove the dead skin cells caused by your psoriasis. This is important because if you can control the exfoliating process, you will avoid the scaly buildup that is often caused by psoriasis.


References for Salicylic Acid:

Salicylic Acid | HOC6H4COOH | CID 338 – PubChem (

Salicylic acid treats acne vulgaris by suppressing AMPK/SREBP1 pathway in sebocytes – PubMed (

Salicylic acid as a peeling agent: a comprehensive review – PubMed (

Topical Therapies in Psoriasis – PubMed (



Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil

Rosemary comes from the Latin word Rosmarinus which means “dew that comes from the sea”, and refers to the blue flowers that cover the beaches of the Mediterranean.

It is one of the most popular essential oils that exists, due to its extensive herbal and culinary uses throughout history, as a great help for countless cases related to health and well-being.

Rosemary Oil constituents:

Rosemary Essential Oil’s chemical composition consists of the following main constituents: α -Pinene, Camphor, 1,8-Cineol, Camphene, Limonene, and Linalool.

α -Pinene is known to exhibit the following activity:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antiseptic
  • Expectorant
  • Bronchodilator


  • Cough suppressant
  • Decongestant
  • Febrifuge
  • Anesthetic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Anti-inflammatory


  • Analgesic
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-fungal
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antispasmodic
  • Anti-viral
  • Cough suppressant


  • Antioxidant
  • Soothing
  • Anti-inflammatory


  • Nervous system stimulant
  • Psychostimulant
  • Mood-balancing
  • Appetite suppressant
  • Detoxifying


  • Sedative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Analgesic

Rosemary Oil has been widely used and studied due to the variety of benefits it has for health. Currently, it is included in numerous medicinal preparations, with many potential skin care benefits:

Acne:  Rosemary essential oil has powerful antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties that all work together to fight off acne and prevent more from showing up. Its antiseptic properties kill off acne causing germs and make it a great solution for popped pimple wounds which can get re-infected by acne germs and bacteria.

Unclogs Blocked Pores:  Rosemary essential oil gently detoxes congested skin by purifying it from deep within the pores and driving out stale sebum, dead cells, dirt, grime, pollution, germs, and other impurities. Its skin decongesting properties make it an excellent essential oil for warding off blackheads and white heads (caused by dirt, excess oils, and dead cells) that normally block pores. It also helps in minimizing enlarged pores.

Reduces Excess Oil: Rosemary cleanses the skin without causing dryness as it is a powerful astringent that removes excess oiliness from the skin.

Lessens under eye bags: Rosemary oil eases congestion & fluid retention. It also acts as a diuretic that drives out excess fluid that causes swelling and puffiness.

Relieves Eczema and other inflammatory skin conditions:  Rosemary essential oil helps heal and soothe eczema and other inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis, rosacea, and rashes due to its powerful anti-inflammatory properties as well as its antibacterial properties that keep skin free from germs and other irritants that further aggravate eczema.


References for Rosemary Oil:

Healing potential of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on full-thickness excision cutaneous wounds in alloxan-induced-diabetic BALB/c mice:

Protective effects of citrus and rosemary extracts on UV-induced damage in skin cell model and human volunteers:

Antibacterial and resistance modifying activity of Rosmarinus Officinalis:



Origanum Marjorana (Marjoram) Leaf Oil: 

Marjoram is a perennial herb originating from the Mediterranean region and a highly concentrated source of health-promoting bioactive compounds.  In ancient Egypt, it was used medicinally for healing and disinfecting. It was also used for food preservation.

Benefits Of Marjoram:

Anti-Inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiviral:  Marjoram has been shown to have several anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It is used as an antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial ingredient that is effective in addressing bacterial and viral acne issues.

Antioxidant:  Marjoram Oil contains antioxidant compounds such as Cavacrol.  Antioxidants help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals, which can contribute to premature aging and other skin concerns.

Aromatherapy Benefits:  While not directly related to skincare, the aromatic properties of Marjoram Oil can contribute to relaxation and stress reduction.  This herb can help reduce the pain that often comes with muscle tightness or muscle spasms, as well as tension headaches. Massage therapists often include the extract in their massage oil or lotion for this very reason.  A study published in Complementary Therapies in Medicine indicates that when Marjoram aromatherapy was used by nurses as part of patient care, it was able to reduce pain and anxiety.


References for Marjoram:

Sweet Marjoram – PMC (

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Two Aromatic Plants: Origanum majorana L. and O. compactum Benth.: Journal of Essential Oil Research: Vol 8, No 6 (

Traditional use, phytochemistry, toxicology, and pharmacology of Origanum majorana L – PubMed (

Isolation and identification of chemical constituents from Origanum majorana and investigation of antiproliferative and antioxidant activities – PubMed (

Essential Oil Inhalation on Blood Pressure and Salivary Cortisol Levels in Prehypertensive and Hypertensive Subjects – PMC (

The effectiveness of nurse-delivered aromatherapy in an acute care setting – PubMed (



Cannabis Sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil:

Hemp Seed Oil is produced by cold pressing the seeds of the cannabis plant.  It is rich in antioxidants and fatty acids which form a protective seal over the surface of the skin to help hydrate dry skin and provide anti-inflammatory and anti-aging benefits.

The main chemical constituents of Hemp Oil are: Linoleic Acid, α-Linolenic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid, and γ-Linolenic Acid.

 LINOLEIC ACIDS (OMEGA-6) are known to:

  • Moisturize and nourish the skin
  • Facilitate wound healing
  • Be an effective emulsifier in the formulation of quick-drying oils
  • Exhibit anti-inflammatory properties
  • Soothe acne and reduce the chances of future outbreaks
  • Promote moisture retention in skin and hair
  • Make oils feel thinner in consistency when used in an oil blend, thus being beneficial for use on acne-prone skin


  • Lessen inflammation
  • Control blood clotting on the skin
  • Soothe joint pain and ease stiffness to improve flexibility


  • Maintain the softness, suppleness, and radiance of skin and hair
  • Reduce the appearance of aging, such as premature wrinkles and fine lines
  • Boost immunity
  • Exhibit antioxidant properties
  • Prevent joint inflammation, stiffness, and pain


  • Have emollient properties
  • Soften skin without leaving a greasy or sticky residue
  • Be the most common saturated fatty acid


  • Have cleansing properties that purge dirt, sweat, and excess sebum from hair and skin
  • Be an ideal emulsifying agent that binds water and oil
  • Help products remain potent when stored for long periods of time
  • Have exceptional cleansing properties
  • Soften skin


  • Be anti-inflammatory
  • Nourish the skin with essential fatty acids
  • Support the growth of healthier and stronger skin, hair, and nails
  • Effectively soothe pain and discomfort associated with arthritis and symptoms of PMS, including headaches
  • Soothe joint pain and ease stiffness to improve flexibility
  • Potentially soothe symptoms of allergies
  • Encourage healthier brain activity

Used cosmetically or topically in general, Hemp Seed Oil is reputed to refresh, revive, and strengthen the skin with its emollience. It is believed to even out the complexion with toning properties that promote the clearing of conditions such as acne and eczema, thereby enhancing skin’s texture and appearance. Rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, Hemp Seed Oil is known to help maintain skin’s clarity and brightness for a radiant complexion that looks and feels rejuvenated. Hemp Seed Oil works to balance oil production in the skin of all types while soothing inflammation and shielding skin against harsh environmental pollutants.

Rich in essential fatty acid content, Hemp Oil is known to have a composition comparable to that of skin lipids, making it an exceptional hydrating emollient that nourishes dull and parched skin while encouraging the regeneration of skin’s protective barrier. It is reputed to soothe skin ailments such as minor abrasions, acne, eczema, and psoriasis. By enhancing the skin’s elasticity, Hemp Oil exhibits firming and tightening activity. Furthermore, by increasing the skin’s ability to hold water, Hemp Seed Oil’s long-lasting hydration contributes plumpness, suppleness, and softness, thereby diminishing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Being light in consistency, it exhibits fast absorption into the skin without clogging pores and makes both a reparative moisturizer for dry, blemished skin as well as an ideal ingredient in natural massage blends.

Used medicinally, Hemp Seed Oil is reputed to exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that diminish the appearance of scars, facilitate the healing of infections, and alleviate painful symptoms of menstruation and Premenstrual Syndrome. By improving circulation, Hemp Oil is reputed to promote the body’s expulsion of toxins, ease the pain in sore muscles and joints, and prevent or reduce varicose veins. The fatty acid content of Hemp Seed Oil is known to boost immunity and metabolic function while sustaining the balance of hormones, blood pressure, and healthy, naturally-occurring bacteria in the body.


References for Hemp Seed Oil:

Essential Fatty Acids:

Gamma linolenic acid; an antiinflammatory omega-6 fatty acid:

Efficacy of dietary hempseed oil in patients with atopic dermatitis:

Variability in seed traits in a collection of cannabis sativa genotypes:

Hemp (cannabis sativa) seed oil: analytical and phytochemical characterization of the unsponifiable fraction:

Hemp Oil Benefits:

Hemp Seed Nutrition:

Tea Tree Oil:  

Tea Tree Oil, derived from the Melaleuca Alternifolia plant, is a popular ingredient in skincare due to its compounds that reduce the bacteria on skin’s surface that contribute to acne production, it helps calm the skin and reduces redness caused by acne pustules.

Benefits of Tea Tree:

Acne Treatment:  Tea Tree Oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it effective combating acne.  Studies show that its properties are like benzoyl peroxide without the harsh, drying side effects. It can help reduce the bacteria that contribute to breakouts and calms redness and inflammation associated with acne.

Antiseptic Properties:  Tea Tree Oil has natural antiseptic properties, which can be useful in treating minor cuts, wounds, and skin infections.  Its ability to fight bacteria and fungi makes it a popular choice for topical application on small skin irritations.

Oil Control:  Tea Tree Oil can help regulate sebum production, making it beneficial for individuals with oily or combination skin.  By controlling excess oil, it may also contribute to reduced clogged pores and breakouts.

Soothing Properties:  Tea Tree Oil has soothing and cooling effects on the skin, which can be helpful for conditions like insect bites, sun burns, inflammation, and other mild skin irritations.  It may provide relief and help in calming the affected area.

Relieving Psoriasis:  Psoriasis is characterized by red, scaly, and inflamed areas of dry skin. The skin condition can cause itchiness, pain, and irritation yet currently there is no known cure for the condition.  Tea Tree Oil can help ease discomfort caused by psoriasis thanks to its antibacterial properties.

Helps with Eczema:  Helps reduce skin inflammation: Tea tree oil contains terpinen-4-ol that has anti-inflammatory properties that help alleviate skin inflammation, redness, and irritation associated with eczema and other dermatitis conditions.


References for Tea Tree Oil:

A comparative study of tea-tree oil versus benzoylperoxide in the treatment of acne – PubMed (

Treatment of acne with tea tree oil (melaleuca) products: a review of efficacy, tolerability and potential modes of action – PubMed (

Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) oil: a review of antimicrobial and other medicinal properties – PubMed (

Effect of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil as a natural antimicrobial agent in lipophilic formulations – PubMed (

Tea tree oil as a novel antipsoriasis weapon – PubMed (

[PDF] A review of applications of tea tree oil in dermatology | Semantic Scholar

Tea tree oil attenuates experimental contact dermatitis – PubMed (



Chlorella Vulgaris:

Contains significant levels of vitamins A, B, C, E, Iron and Zinc.  These vitamins work to calm skin inflammation and promote healthy functioning. It has been shown to stimulate collagen synthesis. Collagen is responsible for the strength, elasticity, smoothness, and plump appearance of healthy skin. Simultaneously, it demonstrates broad spectrum prebiotic and probiotic enhancing properties.  Promotes clear skin by reducing sebum and balancing the skin microbiome with its broad prebiotic action (direct and indirect). Delivering the latest in skin nutrition in a non-greasy, emollient, and moisturizing compound with excellent anti-aging and moisture balancing properties. It also contains a high amount of essential fatty acids, which makes it an important anti-inflammatory ingredient. It also provides an excellent healing and moisturizing process for broken or damaged skin (cell renewal) while preserving the skin delicate balance (microbiome and calmed skin).

Benefits Of Chlorella Vulgaris:

Antioxidant:  Chlorella is algae that is cultivated only in freshwater.  Its main component is a variety of antioxidants, which protect the skin from damage caused by too much sun exposure or by encountering chemical pollutants. The antioxidants in chlorella repel free radicals as they try to enter the skin, neutralizing them so that they cannot hurt the surrounding cells. Chlorella tightens and firms, improving the elasticity of the face. The antioxidants, along with B Vitamins and Vitamin C, encourage cell turnover.

Anti-Aging: This skin conditioning and protecting agent is believed to have powerful anti-aging benefits, mainly since it is a rich source of carotenoids- a family of nutrients that when applied on the skin, may help to protect it from the harmful effects of UV rays i.e., pigmentation, sunburn, cancer.  Chlorella decreases blood vessel growth, minimizes the visibility of redness, and helps to reduce dark circles from around the eyes. It has skin-lightening and brightening effects that help reduce pigmentation and increase transparency.

Stimulates Collagen and Elastin: Chlorella vulgaris extract is loaded with amino acids such as lysine, proline, glycine, and alanine, all of which are the essential building blocks of proteins and constitute each individual collagen unit. Its large amino acid component leads many to believe that it can restructure and smooth out the surface of the skin, particularly with scarred or aging skin. It is an excellent source of methyl-cobolamine, the most absorbable form of vitamin B12. With regards to its anti-aging benefits, many studies demonstrate its ability to prevent the breakdown of collagen and elasticity, as well as generate the production of more collagen. In some instances, a small concentration of .016% stimulated collagen synthesis, and concentrations of .4% strongly increased the density of the epidermal layer. In addition, other studies have shown that it can increase skin firmness, significantly reduce the appearance of stretch marks and be particularly useful in treating any skin tissue suffering from physical aggression i.e., pregnancy, sunbathing.


References for Chlorella Extract:

Effects of Chlorella extract on skin ABSTRACT:

The promise of marine molecules as cosmetic active ingredients:

Marine Extracts in Skin Care:


Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate:

Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate is a by-product of fermented sake. Galactomyces is actually a nutrient-dense yeast.

Benefits of Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate:

Hydration and Moisture:  The vitamins and antioxidants created by the fermentation process help to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier.  It can help enhance the skin’s hydration levels by improving its ability to retain moisture.  This is particularly important when using acne products that may strip the skin of moisture. This can result in plumper, more supple skin.

Skin Brightening:  Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate reduces the appearance of pigmentation and brightens the skin.  It can help improve uneven skin tone, reduce the appearance of dark spots, and promote a more radiant complexion.

Texture and Elasticity:  Regular use of skincare products containing Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate may contribute to improved skin texture and elasticity.  It can help smooth the skin’s surface and enhance its overall firmness and resilience.

Antioxidant Properties:  Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate contains antioxidants that can help protect the skin from environmental damage caused by free radicals.  The anti-aging benefits by reducing oxidative stress and promoting healthier looking skin.

Soothing and Calming:  Provides a soothing and calming effect on the skin.  It can help alleviate redness, irritation, and inflammation, making it beneficial for sensitive or reactive skin.

Decreases Blackheads and Shrinks Pores:  A study conducted by the Asian Journal of Beauty and Cosmetology highlighting an essence made up of 97% of the ferment filtrate led to some convincing results. Participants of the study found that their pores shrank by 22% and sebum, blackheads, and keratin in the face decreased by 64%. The participants also found their skin felt and looked smoother and brighter.


References for Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate :

 (PDF) Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate Potentiates an Anti-Inflammaging System in Keratinocytes (

The Effectiveness of Combination Serum of Tranexamic Acid, Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate, Niacinamide And Alpha Arbutin in Enhancing Skin Brightness (

(PDF) Transcriptomic Analysis of Human Keratinocytes Treated with Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate, a Beneficial Cosmetic Ingredient (

(PDF) Significant Reversal of Facial Wrinkle, Pigmented Spot and Roughness by Daily Application of Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate-Containing Skin Products for 12 Months—An 11-Year Longitudinal Skin Aging Rejuvenation Study (

(PDF) Daily Fluctuation of Facial Pore Area, Roughness and Redness among Young Japanese Women; Beneficial Effects of Galactomyces Ferment Filtrate Containing Antioxidative Skin Care Formula ( 



Perlagonium Graveolens (Geranium) Oil

Although this perennial shrub is indigenous to South Africa, the Geranium plant is now cultivated throughout the world, namely in Central America, Europe, the Congo, Egypt, Russia, and Japan. Geranium essential oil comes from the geranium flower. The oil is made by distilling the green parts of the plant, especially the leaves. Geranium oil’s scent is described as floral and sweet, with a slightly earthy aroma.

The use of geranium oil is known to have existed for thousands of years and goes all the way back to the early days of the Egyptians.  It was typically used to improve and beautify their skin and to reduce anxiety. It was later discovered that the oil was beneficial for acne treatments and many other chronic conditions due its astringent, hemostatic, cicatrisant, diuretic and many other properties.

Geranium Oil has antibacterial and antiseptic properties, when applied topically, it aids in preventing the bacteria on the skin from entering the pores and causing breakouts. With the antibacterial and antiseptic properties, the number of acne outbreaks may be reduced along with the length of time they remain once they do break out.  Geranium oil may also help prevent breakouts by regulating the skin’s sebum production.

Geranium oil contains about 67 compounds. The main chemical constituents of Geranium Essential Oil are: Linalool, Geranyl Formate, Citronellol, and Geraniol.

LINALOOL is known to:

  • Sedative
  • Anti-depressant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Analgesic


  • Anti-fungal
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Aromatic (fresh, green, floral, fruity)


  • Anti-fungal
  • Sedative
  • Anti-viral
  • Anti-microbial
  • Antispasmodic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-oxidant


  • Anti-oxidant
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Antiseptic
  • Analgesic

Geranium Essential Oil is used today in many aromatherapy and cosmetic formulations for the following benefits:

Infection Fighter: Geranium Oil is known to protect against toxins and infections, one study found Geranium oil to be about as effective as Amoxicillin to allow the body to boost its immunity from within rather than directing its efforts to external challenges. Geranium Oil works as an antiseptic agent making it beneficial to treat skin ailments such as acne, warts, eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis. With excellent anti-microbial and immunity boosting action, Geranium oil improves resistance to germs and diseases.

Anti-bacterial: Geranium Oil has shown the ability to stop 22 different types of bacteria and 12 types of fungi from growing on the skin. With Geraniums antibacterial properties, it makes it a desirable natural treatment for athletes’ feet and other fungal infections. It can also help prevent bacterial infections.  It can serve as a deodorant due to its fragrant scent and can also help prevent body odor due to its antibacterial action.

Acne Treatment:  While acne can have many causes, one of the biggest culprits of breakouts is bacteria. The bacteria that naturally live on the skin surface can get trapped in the pores and cause pimples, blackheads and whiteheads when mixed with sebum, which is the oil the skin produces.

Since Geranium Oil has antibacterial and antiseptic properties, when applied topically, it aids in preventing the bacteria on the skin from entering your pores and causing breakouts. With the antibacterial and antiseptic properties, the number of acne outbreaks may be reduced along with the length of time they remain once they do break out.  Geranium Oil may also help prevent breakouts by regulating the skin’s sebum production.

Geranium Oil is known to effectively eliminate dead cells, free clogged pores and to promote the regeneration of newer, healthier skin, thus benefiting acne-prone skin.  Just as this oil is good for healing wounds, it is equally good at preventing or healing scars.

Lastly, geranium oil may help regulate imbalanced hormones, which are another common acne trigger. In particular, the hormones estrogen, progesterone and insulin are linked to acne flare-ups.

Wound Healing:  Geranium Oil’s cicatrizant property is known to accelerate healing and fading by triggering blood circulation below the surface of skin and blood clotting. This also helps in stopping toxins from reaching your bloodstream through open wounds. Geranium Oil also functions to assist in pain reduction and inflammation. Its antiseptic properties can help speed up the healing of wounds and treat a variety of skin problems, such as burns, frostbite, eczema, and diabetic ulcers.

Scar Reduction:  It can help eliminate the appearance of scars and dark spots by helping improve blood circulation just below the surface of the skin and helping promote an equal distribution of melanin.

Nerve Painkiller:  Geranium Oil has the power to fight nerve pain when it is applied to the skin. A double-blind crossover study suggests that applying Geranium Oil to the skin can significantly reduce pain that follows shingles, a condition caused by the herpes virus. The research reveals how Geranium Oil relieves pain in minutes and is well tolerated.

Mood Enhancer:  Used in aromatherapy applications, Geranium Oil is known to reduce feelings of depression, stress, anxiety, sadness, fatigue, and tension, thereby enhancing the general sense of well-being and relaxation, while offering relief to those suffering from insomnia.  Furthermore, the scent of Geranium Oil is known to enhance concentration, improve cognitive function, and balance the emotions as well as the hormones.

Tone Muscles:  The main function of an astringent is to induce contractions in various parts of the body. Accordingly, Geranium Oil makes the gums, muscles, intestines, skin, tissues, and blood vessels contract. Furthermore, this includes the contraction of abdominal muscles which gives a toned look. Geranium Oil can also prevent muscles and skin from sagging, as well as the untimely loosening and loss of teeth by tightening up the gums. Finally, it can reduce the presence of wrinkles by tightening the facial skin, thereby delaying some of the effects of premature aging.

Anti-Aging:  By increasing collagen production, Geranium oil is known to enhance elasticity and to maintain the skin’s softness and smoothness, which is especially beneficial on skin that has been exposed to chemicals, UV radiation, or rough physical activity. When used regularly, Geranium oil is also advantageous for strengthening loose, aging, or acne-prone skin. On scars, unwanted spots, blemishes, stretch marks, and cuts, Geranium oil’s cicatrizant properties are known to accelerate healing and fading. While boosting skin’s regenerative ability, it also evens out skin tone and the appearance of cellulite. Geranium Oil promotes cell health, encourages the recycling of dead cells, and the regeneration of new ones.


References for Geranium Oil:

Antibacterial activity and composition of essential oils from Pelargonium graveolens L’Her and Vitex agnus-castus L.:

Hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects of leaf essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér. in alloxan induced diabetic rats:

Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Essential Oils:

Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases:

Rose geranium essential oil as a source of new and safe anti-inflammatory drugs:

Possible Use of Essential Oils in Dentistry:

Temporary relief of postherpetic neuralgia pain with topical geranium oil:

Effect of Inhalation of Aroma of Geranium Essence on Anxiety and Physiological Parameters during First Stage of Labor in Nulliparous Women: a Randomized Clinical Trial:


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